Centre for Road Safety

Watch our road rules video on pedestrians or read a transcript.

Drivers must give way to pedestrians crossing the road into which their vehicles are turning. You must also give way to pedestrians if there is a danger of colliding with them, even if there is no marked pedestrian crossing. As a vehicle’s speed increases, so does the risk of injury or death to pedestrians hit in a crash.

Safety advice

  • Slow down on roads where there are likely to be a lot of pedestrians, especially near schools and shopping centres; near hotels there are likely to be pedestrians who have been drinking
  • Be aware that pedestrians are hard to see at night and in poor weather
  • Don’t assume that a pedestrian has seen you and will wait for you to go past
  • Be mindful that vulnerable pedestrians may need extra time to cross – children can be difficult to see and may act unpredictably

Shared zones

Safe speed zones allow drivers travelling at a speed limit to safely respond to potential risks in the road environment. A shared zone is a road or network of roads where pedestrians and other vehicles moving slowly can share the road safely. When driving in a shared zone, give way to all pedestrians and keep to the 10km/h speed limit.

No Stopping signs are red with white text and white arrows.

No stopping zones

No stopping signs are placed next to pedestrian crossings, where pedestrians can have a clear view of approaching vehicles and drivers can see pedestrians who are about to cross the road. It is illegal and dangerous to stop in these areas.

40 km/h high-pedestrian activity areas

The 40 km/h high pedestrian activity areas (HPAA) are sections of road where there is heavy interaction between vehicles and pedestrians. They may be near shopping strips, railway stations, bus interchanges, popular beaches and services such as medical centres.

The maximum speed limit is 40km/h at all times. Associated  traffic calming measures help alert drivers to the lower speed limit and the presence of pedestrians moving about or near the road. The 40 km/h HPAA zones are part of a NSW government initiative to create a safer environment for all road users, particularly pedestrians. Local councils, in partnership with Roads and Maritime Services, design and implement these schemes in accordance with our guidelines for 40km/h zones.